Civil Engineering has been an aspect of life since the beginnings of human existence. The earliest practices of Civil Engineering may have commenced between 4000 and 2000 BC in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia (Ancient Iraq) when humans started to abandon a nomadic
existence, thus causing a need for the construction of shelter. During this time, transportation became increasingly important leading to the development of the wheel and sailing.
Until modern times there was no clear distinction between civil engineering and architecture, and the term engineer and architect were mainly geographical variations referring to the same person, often used interchangeably. The construction of Pyramids in Egypt (circa 2700-2500 BC) might be considered the first instance of large structure constructions.
In modern days, Civil Engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. Civil engineering is traditionally broken
into several sub-disciplines. It is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering.
Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
The civil engineering profession recognizes the reality of limited natural resources, the desire for sustainable practices (including life-cycle analysis and sustainable design techniques), and the need for social equity in the consumption of resources. Surface says the basic responsibilities of
a civil engineer are to plan and design a structure and analyze its various aspects, make a regular inspection in the site to ensure that the construction is going according to the plan, and make the necessary amendments in the project if required during construction. A civil engineer has to make sure that the project is cost-effective, and structure is of required strength and safety. Civil engineer holds the safety, health, and welfare of the public paramount. Civil engineering projects and systems should comply with governmental guidelines and regulations; should be built economically to function properly with a minimum of maintenance and repair while withstanding anticipated usage and weather; and should conserve energy and allow hazard-free construction while providing healthful, safe, and environmentally sound utilization by society.
The course aim to
- To provide in-depth knowledge in designing and construction of infrastructures.
- Provide insight about the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and social context.
- Motivate students for research in recent technologies for future development.
- Develop entrepreneurship skills.
Development is a continuous process. A developing nation like Nepal definitely requires more civil engineers to address the national needs of development infrastructures. Population growth creates more needs that demand more physical infrastructures. More civil engineers are required to design and construct safe and higher capacity transportation, water supply, and pollution control systems, and large buildings and housing complexes. They also will be needed to repair or replace existing roads, and other physical structures. Civil engineers are employed by firms providing architectural, engineering, and related services, primarily developing designs for new construction projects. They may also work in consultancy, research and teaching.
Five points to choose Faculty of Engineering at KCC
- 14 years of devotion on pioneer education.
- Holding the biggest number of civil engineering students of PU in Nepal.
- Highly qualified academic staffs with extensive level of expertise.
- Well-equipped laboratory facilities.
- Internship and placement opportunities.
In general, it is the branch of engineering that deals with the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of the structures like buildings, roads, bridges, canals, dams, water supply, treatment systems, etc. It has a broader spectrum and comprises many sub-disciplines under it.
The branches of civil engineering are: structural, construction, geotechnical, urban/town/municipal, environmental, transportation, surveying, water resource, tunnel, earthquake, material, and coastal.
Public Sector: Traditionally, civil engineers have found employment in public sector enterprises, which need expansive development of public infrastructure projects like roads, bridges, public buildings, irrigation, and other similar projects.
Private Sector: However, recently the private sector has started offering more jobs to civil engineers compared to the public sector; thanks to the growing real estate sector. Apart from this, many private agencies have started working as consultants for government agencies to undertake
public sector work as well; this has again led to the expansion of job opportunities in this field.
International Market: According to many reports, the international market has been experiencing a severe shortage of civil engineering especially in developed countries. So, civil engineering can also be an ideal choice for students who are looking for rewarding career choices aboard.
SPECIALIZED AREAS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
- Structural Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Water Resources Engineering
- Surveying Construction Engineering
- Disaster Management etc.
The structural engineering branch of civil engineering includes all structural analysis and the design of structures. They are responsible for analyzing and designing structures that can safely bear loads and resist stress and force. Their designs must satisfy all project specifications and meet all safety requirements. Their structures must be able to withstand natural disasters, environmental conditions, and
meet design criteria and codes to ensure public safety.
The environmental engineering branch of civil engineering studies the effects of projects on the environment. Environmental Engineers study and evaluate impacts to cultural resources, noise impacts, threatened and endangered species, water quality, air quality, wetlands, and socio-economic impacts to name a few. Their aim is to identify the environmental impacts of a project and to suggest ways to eliminate or mitigate those impacts. The goal of environmental engineering is to help develop a project that has the least amount of impact on the natural environment.
Transportation engineers plan and manage the construction of transportation facilities. The transportation facilities often include roadways, highways, airports, railways, bicycle/pedestrian paths, waterways, and public transit facilities. These projects can range in size from small road-widening projects to major freeway interchange projects, from pedestrian pathways to multi-lane bridges on a highway.
Water and Wastewater Engineering
Water and Wastewater engineers plan, design, and manage the construction of municipal water supply systems, as well as for wastewater treatment systems. Each type of system is designed to meet industry standards and codes to ensure that drinking water meets public safety requirements and that the discharged water from wastewater treatment systems will not harm the environment.
|BE Civil First Semester|
|2||BEG156CI||3||Applied Mechanics-I (Statics)|
|3||BEG101SH||3||Mathematics – I|
|4||BEG174CO||3||Computer concept and Programming|
|BE Civil Second Semester|
|2||BEG157CI||3||Applied Mechanics II (Dynamics)|
|3||BEG149ME||2||Fundamental of thermodynamics|
|5||BEG102SH||3||Mathematics – II|
|BE Civil Third Semester|
|2||BEG256CI||3||Strength of Materials|
|6||BEG226EL||3||Electric Circuit & Machine|
|BE Civil Fourth Semester|
|1||BEG203SH||3||Probability & Statistics|
|6||BEG210AR||2||Fundamental of Architecture|
|7||BEG265CI||3||Theory of Structure|
|BE Civil Fifth Semester|
|1||BEG355CI||3||Water Supply Engineering|
|5||BEG354CI||3||Theory Of Structure-II|
|7||BEG351CI||3||Concrete Technology & Masonry Structures|
|BE Civil Sixth Semester|
|3||BEG365CI||3||Transportation Engineering II|
|6||BEG361CI||3||Design of Steel and Timber Structure|
|BE Civil Seventh Semester|
|1||BEG451CI||3||Design of RCC|
|3||BEG454CI||2||Fundamental of Earthquake Engineering|
|4||BEG450CI||3||Estimation & Valuation|
|6||BEG492MS||3||Construction Project Management|
|BE Civil Eight Semester|
|1||BEG455CI||3||Safety Engineering and Disaster Risk Management|
|2||BEG457CI||6||Civil Engineering Project|
|3||BEG456CI||2||Engineering Professional Practise|
|Total Credits =||149|